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Winter-Themed Classroom Resources, Grades 9-12

Lessons, Activities & Resources Target Seasonal Changes and Animal Adaptations

Found In: language arts, math, science, social studies9-12

Though some of us will not get snow this winter, we share other annual changes. These lessons, activities, and other resources will help develop an understanding of the mechanisms that bring about seasonal change and how animals have adapted to them.

Lesson Plans & Activities

Lesson Plans

Weather Scope: An Investigative Study of Weather and Climate
Students in grades 4-12 learn how weather can be described with measurable quantities, such as temperature, barometric pressure, wind direction and speed, and precipitation.

Getting Physical: The Physics and Other Science Behind Winter Olympic Sports
Students in grades 6-12 research, write, and perform sportscasts that explain the physics behind their favorite sports in these cross-curricular activities.

Glacier National Park: "Hibernation-Migration Fascination"
Students in grades 7-12/ compare two different types of hibernation – the hibernation of bears and marmots.

ICS – Energy ( PDF, 901 KB, 21 pgs.)
In this module, students in grades 9-12 investigate how energy absorption and water affect temperature.

Games & Activities

Don’t Be Too Flaky
Students measure the relative densities of water, ice, and snow. Data can be submitted to the website and displayed with data from around the world. Note: Be patient, it's a large document.

Winter Math Activities
Mathematical activities involving fractals.

How to Make Snow for a Science Project
Use sodium polyacrylate crystals and water to make artificial snow.

Your Sky
Use the interactive planetarium of the Web to produce sky maps for any time and date, viewpoint, and observing location. Students and teachers can also set horizon views and use a virtual telescope to track comets and asteroids.

Time & Temperature Resources


Daylight Savings Time
A comprehensive resource on DST, Daylight Saving Time.

Local Time: FAQs
As well as FAQs, this page links to a free application that lets users find time zones based on zip codes.


Lake Effect Snowfalls
This resource explains how cold arctic air sweeping across the Great Lakes creates snow squalls along the lee shores of the Lakes.

Site Map for Weather Doctor
This comprehensive weather site includes a large section on winter weather.

Weather Resources

Winter Weather
The Center for Disease Control’s cold weather health advice.

Extreme Cold Prevention Guide ( PDF, 3.45 MB, 15 pgs.)
Combines all of the key content of the CDC Winter Weather website into one downloadable, printable file.

Severe Weather and Natural Disaster: Winter Storms
Information, experiments, and vocabulary for upper elementary students. Experiment with the Interactive Weather Maker to discover the effects of changing temperature and humidity.


Ping-Pong Avalanches
This audio clip describes how scientists used ping-pong balls to study avalanches.

All about Snow
The National Snow and Ice Data Center website provides photos, facts, questions and answers, and links to additional resources.


Snowflake Bentley
Wilson A. Bentley was the first person to photograph a single snow crystal in 1885 and photographed more than 5000 snowflakes during his lifetime. The official website includes a biography, articles written by or about Bentley and his work, a match the snowflake game, and links to additional websites.

Kenneth Libbrecht’s online guide to snowflakes, snow crystals, and other ice phenomena includes photos and information about natural snowflakes, designer snowflakes, frost crystals, snowflake physics and snow activities. The snow activities section features activities for kids.

Koch Snowflake
Description and explanation of the Koch Snowflake, a fractal made by the infinite iteration of the Koch curve.

The Seasons

Seasons of the Year
Provides an explanation for the season and answers to related questions.

Sunlight Concentration in Summer and Winter
A graphic showing the angle of sunlight in relation to Earth’s surface (45 degrees North) on the first day of summer and the first day of winter.

Winter Sky

2018 Meteor Showers
Viewing information for December’s meteor shower, the Geminids, and links to other useful stargazing information.

Starry Night Education
Free astronomical resources for K-12 students and teachers.

Miscellaneous Resources

Animal Adaptations

How Hibernation Works
Explains the physiology of hibernation.

Describes the black bear’s yearly cycle focusing on hibernation. Includes a section on heat loss.

Winter Sports

The Science of Hockey
The physics, chemistry, and sport of Hockey. Use a calculator to learn how much force is generated in a check.

Energy Transformation for Downhill Skiing
The relationship between work and mechanical energy in downhill skiing is described and illustrated in an animation.

Print, Audio & Video



Science of the Olympic Winter Games
The winter games are over but the science is timeless in this 16-part video series exploring the science behind Downhill and Aerial Skiing, Speed Skating and Figure Skating, Curling and Hockey, and Ski Jumping, Bobsledding and Snowboarding. The videos are accompanied by lesson plans and fun classroom activities.


last updated: October 29, 2018



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